I have actually written about "Few" and "Little" in a previous blog post. Check out Plurals. However, after still hearing and seeing these words used incorrectly, I thought I would create a dedicated blog post.
Here it is.
The quantifiers (a) few and (a) little suggest generally the amount or the number of something.
Using Few and A Few
Count Nouns name things that can be counted. We can count the following nouns:
When these nouns are in the plural, we can use the quantifiers Few and A Few. Be careful, though. They do not convey the same meaning.
Few = some
A few = not many
I have few bills to pay. (Good news -- I don't have many bills to pay)
I have a few bills to pay. (Bad news -- I have SOME bills to pay)
Using Little and A Little
Non-count Nouns name things that cannot be counted in the normal sense because they exist in mass form. They cannot be preceded by A or An. Examples of Non-count nouns:
We can generally suggest an amount by using the quantifiers Little and A Little. Be careful, though. They do not convey the same meaning.
Little = not much
A little = some
I have little control over my personal finances. (Bad news -- I don't have much control)
I have a little control over my personal finances. (Good news -- I have some control)
NOTE: Where the most mistakes occur
When using the comparative form with plural count nouns, we use the word "FEWER".
MacKenzie has fewer books than Victoria.
When using in the comparative form with non-count nouns, we use the word "Less".
Victoria has less money than MacKenzie.